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Criminal Justice

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Course Descriptions

101 Introduction to the Criminal Justice System
Traces the history and philosophy of criminal justice, considers constitutional limitations, studies the roles of various agencies, reviews the process of justice, and evaluates modern criminal justice.

102 Comparative Models of Justice
This course compares and contrasts the major models of justice: punitive, compensatory, restorative, educative and therapeutic using cross national data related to the major criminal justice functions of policing, criminal processing and corrections as the basis for analysis.

105 Theories of Crime
This course traces the history of criminological thought, and investigates the philosophical, biological, psychological and sociological explanations of crime. Special attention is given to theory construction, the evaluation of theory, and the policy and methodological implications of different types of theories.

200 Statistical Techniques for Criminal Justice
This course involves the application of statistical techniques to social science data as typically illustrated in the research and writing of Criminal Justice professionals. As a course for majors, it represents an important part of the student's methodological training with respect to the statistical analysis of data typically used by social scientists. Students are expected to carry out a number of exercises involving the statistical analysis of data and to interpret the results. The course covers widely used statistical techniques including descriptive and inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, cross tabulation, correlation, and linear regression. (Formerly CJ203).

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 101 or 105

202 Research Methods in Criminal Justice
An introduction to the issues of problem formulation, research ethics, research designs, data-gathering strategies and statistics and data analysis. The course will attempt to familiarize the student with research methods through the use of criminal justice studies.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 101 or 105

205 Theories and Practice of Punishment
An overview of the philosophical and theoretical assumptions behind various approaches to punishment. The course will also examine the historical development and content of various correctional programs (Formerly CJ201).

209 Criminal Law
The history of criminal law, its development in America, elements of crime, law of arrests, and courtroom procedures.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 101

211 Evidence
The rules of evidence, types of evidence, principles of exclusion, evaluation and examination of evidence and proof, competency of witness, hearsay rule and opinion, testimony in court.

Prerequisites: Criminal Justice 101 and either 209 or 212.

212 Criminal Procedure
An examination of the law of search and seizure, including a thorough study of basic concepts in the law of search and seizure, search incident to arrest, search warrants, consent searches, emergency searches, administrative searches, procedural requirements, exclusionary evidence rule, state statutory provisions relating to search and seizure.

Prerequisites: Criminal Justice 101

220 Community Corrections
An examination of correctional programs that specifically utilize such assets of the community as family support, employment and training opportunities, social services, and opportunities for victim compensation. Special attention will be directed to the merger of punitive, rehabilitative and reintegrative elements within the community corrections model. Among the community corrections programs to be examined will be halfway houses, community service, house arrest, work release, and victim/ offender reconciliation.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 101 and 201.

221 Deviance and Social Control
An examination of the origin, nature and scope of socially disapproved behavior. Special attention will be directed to mechanisms of social control utilized by different societies to limit deviant behavior. Among the substantive areas to be covered will be mental illness, addiction, violence, suicide and corporate and organizational deviances. In addition the course will compare and contrast images of deviance and social control historically and cross culturally.

223 White Collar Crime
An examination of both occupational and organizational criminality. Special attention will be directed to the unique nature of white collar criminality in light of our traditional understanding of crime. The course will explore such issues as the evolution of regulatory law, corporate responsibility, and the limits of law and law enforcement in combating white collar crime.

224 Police and Society
An examination of the police image in a changing society, including police- citizen partnership in crime prevention. Issues in policing, including use of deadly force, stress, education, and corruption together with administrative issues, including recruitment, promotion, and management are considered.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 101.

225 Law in Theory and Practice
This course examines the nature and functions of law in maintaining social order, resolving conflict and regulating behavior. Special attention is directed to the comparison of the substantive and procedural elements of law.

231 Juvenile Justice System
A review of the Juvenile Court system, highlighting such areas as Juvenile Law, Court Diversion, Court Procedures, Dispositions, Sentencing, and Waiver and Corrections.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 101.

310 Probation and Parole
The function of probation and parole in the administration of Criminal Justice, including the law and theory of probation and parole, conditions under which they are granted, an evaluation of their efficacy, possible alternative dispositions.

Prerequisites: Criminal Justice 101 and 201.

320 Wrongful Convictions
This course analyzes the criminal justice processes that result in the conviction of an innocent person. Two key issues are addressed: 10 "why" wrongful convictions occur, and 2) "how" are wrongful convictions possible given the Constitutional safeguards available in the United States. The issue of "why" wrongful convictions occur centers on the actions of individual agents of the criminal justice system: police, forensic experts, prosecutors and members of the judiciary that result in wrongful conviction. The issue of "how" wrongful convictions occur focuses on the structure and processes of the criminal justice system that lead to wrongful conviction. Reforms in the administration of justice intended to reduce the likelihood of wrongful convictions are explored.

326 Criminal Justice Organization and Administration
An appraisal of the principles of organization and management which may be applied to criminal justice agencies, including command and control, operational and administrative planning, allocation of resources, and program budgeting. Emphasis is directed toward executive development.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 101.

328 Crisis Intervention
An academic understanding of crisis situations and crisis behavior, as well as practical orientation to the techniques and skills necessary for effective intervention. Special attention will be given to specific crisis situations such as family violence, rape, and suicide.

350 Victims of Crime and Social Injustice
An examination of the role and characteristics of victims of crime and social injustice. Analysis will include shared victim attributes, determinants of vulnerability and risk, the victim-offender relationship, and the psychological impact of victimization. Attention will also be given to societal reaction to victims, the treatment of victims in the justice system, and the relationship between criminal victimization, human rights violations, principles of social justice and contemporary developments in policy and services to address the rights and needs of victims.

361 Women and Crime
An analysis of sex-linked differences in aggression provides the conceptual basis for examination of the nature and extent of female crime through history to the present day, focusing on the most common forms of criminal expression. Emphasis is placed on traditional and contemporary theories of causality, the legal status of women, the processing of women through the criminal justice system and the impact of rising female criminality upon fundamental institutional structures and social organization.

363 Comparative Constitutional Law
An analysis of constitutional development in England, France, Japan and the United States with particular attention to individual rights and their effect upon the Criminal Justice System.

Prerequisites: Criminal Justice 101 and either 209 or 212.

367 Special Topics in Criminal Justice
This course is a detailed examination, in a seminar format, of a topic of current interest or concern in criminal justice or criminology. The department will choose and announce the topic(s) prior to course registration.

400 Independent Study

430 Senior Seminar
The course is designed as a capstone experience for all criminal justice students that integrates the major criminological theories with the dominant research methods utilized in the study of crime. The objective of the course is to provide the student the opportunity to address a fundamental question concerning crime causation and/or society's response to crime. This semester long research project is carried out under the direction of a faculty member. A significant amount of work for the course is done outside the classroom in one on one meetings with the faculty member. Each student chooses their own topic at the outset of the semester. Student topics are drawn from both criminology and criminal justice.

450 Internship
Criminal Justice seniors may be selected to spend one semester interning with a Criminal Justice agency. The student must spend an average of 40 hours per week with the agency. Twelve credits are awarded for the successful completion of the program, but only 6 credits i.e. two electives count towards the three required Criminal Justice elective courses

451 Internship
Criminal Justice seniors may be selected to spend one semester interning with a Criminal Justice agency. The student must spend an average of 20 hours per week with the agency. Six credits are awarded for the successful completion of the program, and may count towards the three required Criminal Justice electives

453 Internship
Available only to students who have successfully completed the six credit internship, CJ451. Six credits are awarded for the successful completion of the program; these credits will not count toward the three required Criminal Justice electives.