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Citing Sources

When writing a research paper, you must document your sources by giving credit to the authors of the books, journals, websites, and other materials used in your research. Use the websites and books listed below to find examples of how to do this. 

Starting Points


In-Text Citations and Footnotes  (Duke University)
Works Cited Lists and Bibliographies  (Duke University)
Examples of how to cite sources within your paper and how to assemble a list of works cited. Styles covered include MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian, and CSE.

Research and Citation Resources  (Purdue Online Writing Lab)
Guides on how to paraphrase and quote sources, plus explanations and examples of how to cite sources in MLA, APA, and Chicago styles.

Doing Honest Work in College (Ready Ref PN171.F56 L56)
In addition to explaining how and when to cite sources, this book provides help with constructing basic citations in MLA, APA, Chicago, CSE, and ACS styles.

Citation Styles

Book cover image for MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers MLA
Used by: Classics, English, Modern Languages, Philosophy
Print guide:
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
Ready Ref LB2369 .G53
Online guides:
Citation Examples (UNC Charlotte)
Writer's Handbook (U-Wisconsin)
Book cover image for APA Publication Manual APA
Used by: Criminal Justice, Nursing, Psychology
Print guide:
Publication Manual of the APA
Ready Ref BF76.7 .P83
Online guides:
Citation Examples (UNC Charlotte)
Writer's Handbook (U-Wisconsin)
Book cover image for The Chicago Manual of Style Chicago/Turabian
Used by: Economics and Business, Education, Fine Arts, History, Music, Politics, Theology
Print guides:
The Chicago Manual of Style
Ready Ref Z253 .U69
A Manual for Writers (Turabian)
Ready Ref LB2369 .T8
Online guides:
Chicago Style Citation Quick Guide
Writer's Handbook (U-Wisconsin)
Book cover image for The ACS Style Guide ACS
Used by: Chemistry
Print guide:
ACS Style Guide
Ready Ref QD8.5 .A25
Online guides:
ACS Quick Guide (UC-Berkeley)
ACS Style Guide (Williams)
Book cover image for ASA Style Guide ASA
Used by: Sociology
Print guide:
ASA Style Guide
Ready Ref HM569 .A54
Online guides:
ASA Format (Cal State Univ - L.A.)
Style Guide (William Patterson Univ.)
Book cover image for Scientific Style and Format CSE
Used by: Biology
Print guide:
Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual
Ready Ref T11 .S386
Online guides:
CSE/CBE Style (Univ. of North Carolina)
CSE Style Examples (Dakota State Univ.)


Citation Tools


Citation creators in databases
Many of the library's research databases offer "citation maker" features, which generate citations in the most popular styles (MLA, APA, etc.) for any source that you find. You can then copy-paste these directly into your papers. In all EBSCO databases (Academic Search Premier, PsycINFO, SocINDEX, etc.), after opening an article's record, click on the gold document icon above the article's citation information to create citations. In WorldCat book records, click the Cite This Item link (just below the Request ILL link) to create citations. For help with generating citations in other databases, please ask at the Reference Desk.

This software program allows you to import citations from our research databases and then easily create in-text citations and bibliographies in your research papers, in the style of your choosing (MLA, APA, Turabian, etc.). To obtain a copy of EndNote on CD (for either PC or Mac), contact the IT Help Desk located in Poisson Hall. For help with EndNote features, see our User's Guide to EndNote.

KnightCite Citation Service  (Calvin College)
An easy-to-use tool in which you enter a source’s citation information, and the program generates a citation in either MLA, APA, or Chicago style.

Special Types of Resources


Introduction to Basic Legal Citation
This online guide prepared by Peter W. Martin at Cornell University School of Law, is an abridgement of the more detailed Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (Ready Ref KF 245 .B4).

Online Citation Styles
This guide provides examples of how to cite online sources such as websites, e-journal articles, and articles found in library databases. Styles covered include MLA, APA, Chicago, and CBE. For further help, see Columbia Guide to Online Style (Ready Ref PN171.F56 W35).

Uncle Sam: Brief Guide to Citing Government Publications (Univ. of Memphis)
Guidance on how to cite federal and state government documents in Chicago/Turabian style, including bills, regulations, and reports from executive agencies. For further help, see The Complete Guide to Citing Government Documents (Ref J83 .G37). If you need to cite government documents in MLA style, see the Citing Government Information Sources website.