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CJ 209 - Criminal Law

Suggested Reading - The Entrapment Defense

American Jurisprudence 2d
     Ref KF154 .A42
A modern comprehensive text statement of American law, both state and federal. Cited as Am. Jur. 2d, this multi-volume legal encyclopedia is an invaluable resource that outlines a broad overview of an issue (such as entrapment) and provides links to cases and other sources. Use the online version via Westlaw Campus.

American Law Reports
Also known as A.L.R.'s, this important legal reference includes cases as well as annotations that analyze the point of law found in a reported case. Access to the A.L.R's is via Westlaw.

Criminal Procedure: An Analysis of Cases and Concepts
     Ready Ref KF9619 .W47
Entrapment is nicely covered in chapter 19 of this reference work.

Criminal Procedure and the Constitution
     Reserve Books KF9618 .I85 1990.
See Chapter 4, Police "encouragement" and the defense of entrapment.

The Entrapment Defense
     Reserve Book  KF9244.M37 1989
Don't miss out on this comprehensive resource, which includes cases and statutes. The 1994 Cumulative Supplement is included at end. Please note that Reserve Books may not leave the library and are available for 2-hour periods. Ask for this at the Circulation Desk.

Fundamentals of Legal Research
     Ready Ref KF240 .M469 2002.
The Table of Legal Abbreviations at end may be helpful.

Model Penal Code and Commentaries
     Ref KF9219 .A74
From the American Law Institute.  See Volume 1, Part 1 (pages 405-420) for reading the code with explanations and rationale of entrapment as a defense.


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Find Statutes

Westlaw Campus - On Campus Only 
Westlaw Campus - Off Campus Only (If this database is slow, re-enter the database using a Firefox browser, and allow pop-ups.)

There are three search methods for locating materials by TOPIC in Westlaw Campus: 1) Terms & Connectors

2) KeySearch  
3) Natural Language

To locate statutes, use  1) Terms & Connectors or  3) Natural Language

To locate cases, use  2) KeySearch

To locate a STATUTE by TOPIC:

From the main search page, follow the 3 steps as shown below. Don't forget to select your state from the drop-down box in step 2.

Screenshot from WestLaw Campus database

Screenshot from Westlaw Campus database

Screenshot from Westlaw Campus database

Screenshot from Westlaw Campus database



Choose a statute that addresses the defense of entrapment in a substantive manner. For example:

18 Pa.C.S.A. § 313

West's RCWA 9A.16.070


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Find Cases

Use Westlaw Campus. WestLaw Campus provides online access to cases from the courts of all 50 states and the Federal courts.

To locate CASES for the topic of Entrapment, the following two methods are suggested:

  1. From the statute, look for links to important cases that address the matter of entrapment. You will be able to click on a link and go directly to the case.
  2. Cases pertaining to the entrapment defense lend themselves nicely to West's KeySearch option. Directions for using KeySearch are supplied below.

Click on "Go"  under KeySearch on the left hand menu.

Wait for a list of topics to appear, and select Criminal Justice.

Select Defenses, then select Entrapment. A list of sub-topics pertaining to Entrapment will appear, as shown here:

Search all of Entrapment, or select a topic below.

Controlled Substances

Deception and Trickery



Mailing Obscene or Indecent Material

Originating Intent

Previous Disposition

Questions of Law or Fact

Sex Offenses

Sufficiency of Evidence

Review one or more to determine your area of interest. Or, search all Entrapment cases.

At the search screen, click the box next to New Hampshire State cases. Choose your state from the pull down menu. Click the Search button.

A list of cases will now appear. Click on the name of the case, e.g., State v. Warren, to view the case.

Tip: Use the optional box at the bottom of the window to add Field Restrictions and Search Connectors. This will assist you in finding the most relevant Cases & Articles.


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Find Articles or Law Reviews

Use Westlaw Campus. In addition to providing statutes and cases, Westlaw Campus also provides access to law review articles and other scholarly journal information. To find articles:


1.  Enter your search terms as a Terms & Connectors search.

2.  Limit to words in title as shown below. This offers more precise results.

3.  Select the Journals and Law Reviews database as shown below. Scroll down to "All Journals and Law Reviews". Or you might choose only those law reviews from the state that you are working with.

4.  Click "Go".

Screenshot from Westlaw Campus database



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Document Your Sources

Introduction to basic legal citation
By Peter W. Martin at Cornell.

Your professor requests that you adhere to the document above for citing sources for your paper. It is based on the more detailed Bluebook: a uniform system of citation (Ready Ref KF 245 .B4).

Of particular note, please read this excerpt:

"So long as you are able to furnish all the citation information called for by § 2-200, there is no need to indicate whether you relied on any one of numerous online sources or a CD-ROM instead of one of the several print editions for the text of a U.S. Supreme Court decision. Similarly, your citations to provisions of the U.S. Code or a comparable compilation of state statutes need not indicate whether you accessed them in print or from an electronic source, nor need you indicate that you accessed an article in a widely distributed law journal on LexisNexis, Westlaw or some other Internet site."

 (Professor's note: The excerpt above applies to all legal documents, not just statutes. i.e. you must include the citation, but do not note Westlaw, FindLaw, etc. in your bibliographies.)

Please also note: When citing your sources, you will sometimes need to use the § symbol. This symbol can be found in Microsoft Word by clicking on Insert, and then Symbol. Use the font named Agency FB. The symbol is in the 7th row, 7th column.


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Need Help?


Ask for help at the reference desk. For help with content or technical questions, you may call Westlaw direct at 1-800-WESTLAW (1-800-937-8529), or send an e-mail message to


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