Many colleges and universities frame this issue in terms of "academic dishonesty." From that point of view, the institution focuses on the acts and behaviors that may result in disciplinary action by the administration.
Saint Anselm College's policy on academic honesty does lay out examples of academic misconduct. However, rather than dwelling on what students shouldn't do, the college wants to encourage them to learn skills (such as effective note taking and paraphrasing) that will help them complete their work with integrity. To this end, all freshman students receive instruction on how and when to quote, paraphrase, and document sources during their English classes. This online tutorial will also provide many tips and strategies for avoiding plagiarism, a crime that many students commit by accident due to not understanding the rules.
Below is Saint Anselm College's statement on academic honesty. Read it carefully, since you will be required to comply with it throughout your four years at the college.
Since the assignments, papers, computer programs, tests and discussions of college course work are the core of the educational process, the College demands the strictest honesty of students in their various academic tasks. To ensure that the standards of honesty essential to meaningful accomplishment in the classroom are maintained, the College sets forth the following clarification of academic dishonesty and sanctioning procedures.
The following actions are examples of academic dishonesty and subject to sanctions:
Examinations and Assignments
- Copying from another student's examination paper or allowing another to copy from one's own paper during an examination.
- Using unpermitted material (notes, texts, calculators, etc.) during an examination.
- Revising, without the instructor's knowledge, and resubmitting a quiz or examination for regrading.
- Giving or receiving unpermitted aid on a take-home examination or on any academic assignment.
- Plagiarism means the presentation by a student of the work of another person as his or her own. It includes wholly or partially copying, translating, or paraphrasing without acknowledgement of the source.
- Since the wording of a student's paper or computer program is taken as his or her own work, paragraphs, sentences, or even key phrases clearly copied from a book, article, essay, lecture, newspaper, program, another student's paper, notebook or program, or any other source, may be included only if presented as quotations and the source acknowledged.
- Similarly, since the ideas expressed in a paper, report, or computer program are accepted as originating with the student, a paper or program that paraphrases ideas taken from a book, article, essay, lecture, newspaper, program, another student's paper, notebook, or program, or any other source may not be submitted unless each paraphrased source is properly cited. A student may incorporate in his or her paper, report, or program, without citation, ideas from texts, discussions, lectures or other programs only, when over time, a true synthesis of those ideas has made them his or her own.
- A student may make use of the particular skills of a proofreader or typist, but wholesale corrections and revisions of a course paper or computer program by these individuals are not allowable. The student alone is responsible for any errors or omissions in material submitted as his or her own work.
- No paper or computer program may be submitted for credit if it has been or is being used to fulfill the requirements of another course, in whatever department, unless permission to coordinate work has been granted by both professors.
- No student shall allow his or her paper or program in outline or finished form to be copied and submitted as the work of another; nor shall a student prepare a written assignment or program for another student to submit as that student's work.
- Students should be prepared up to one month beyond the due date of a paper or program to submit all notes, drafts, and source information which might be requested by an instructor, chairperson, or committee investigating the authenticity on that work. The failure to produce such material upon request may be considered prima facie evidence of plagiarism.