Header image  
EPIGRAMMATA VI
 
line decor
  
line decor


 
Wordle: Martial VI 
 

 
  • LATIN
  • ENGLISH
  • METRICS

24

Nothing is more playful that Carisianus:
He walks around Saturnalia wearing a toga.

XXIV Meter: Hendecasyllabic

Nīl lās|cīvĭŭs|ēst Chă|rīsĭ|ānō
Sātūr|nālĭbŭs|āmbŭl|āt tŏ|gātūs


 
EPIGRAM VI.24

 

SUMMARY
In this distich Martial mocks Charisianus for wearing a toga during the Saturnalia festival. It was customary for Romans of all classes to wear a garment called a synthesis at Saturnalia. The synthesis was a light and loose robe, more comfortable than the toga (Smith, 1875). This garment was often dyed, not white like the toga (Martial, Ep. 2.46, 10.29). Infrequently worn in public, the Saturnalia seems to be the only time that the synthesis was acceptable to wear outside the privacy of one’s home (Brewster, 1918). Here, on the other hand, Charisianus is made fun of for not wearing the synthesis, but wearing a toga. Apparently his choice of garb would have stood out.

Brewster, Ethel Hampson. ‘The Synthesis of the Romans.’ Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. Vol. 49 (1918) pp. 131-143. The Johns Hopkins University Press

Smith, William. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities.John Murray, London, 1875.


D. Droggitis


 
GLOSSARY/PARSING (LATIN)

 

COMMENTARY (ENGLISH)