Mathis and Lecci (1999), found that a hardy personality is initially
associated with better adjustment to college and life in general.
Lopez, Campbell, & Watkins, (1988) found that individuation is highly
associated with conflict between parents and incoming freshmen. This implies
that if a child does not get along well with their parents, they will not
adjust to college very easily. Individuation is also known as college
adjustment. Research also suggests that if parents have an authoritative
parenting style their child will adjust better academically to college
(Hickman, Bartholomae, & Mckenry, 2000). These, along with various
other studies provided me with enough solid background information to come
up with a relevant research question.
There were three different research questions for this study.
The three different question for this study were (1), as the level of hardiness
increased in the individual, so would the level of self-perception of academic
achievement. (2) as the level of individuation increased in the individual,
so would the level of self-perception of academic achievement. (3) as the
level of hardiness increased in the individual, so would the level of individuation.
In this particular study there was a total of eight subjects.
There were three different instruments used in this study which were: The
Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (Baker & Siryk, 1986),
The Personal Views Survey (Kobasa, 1985), and the Self Perceptions Survey
which was created by me to use in this study.
In regards to the first research question, the results of this study
indicated that participants who had hardier personalities did better on
the first test in a required course for freshmen. Also the participants
who had higher levels of commitment did better on all three of the test
in the required course. The last piece of important information for
the first question was that participants who had higher levels of commitment
participated in more sports. The significant results for the second
question are as follows. As the level of academic adjustment increased
so did the participants performance on the tests in the same required course.
In the study the partcipants did better on the second and third tests than
they did on the first one. One other interesting result was that
as the participants became better adjusted to college personally and emotionally,
they spent less time on their studies. For the last research question
challenge playeda very significant role. Challenge was highly correlated
with full adjustment, social adjustment, and personal/emotional adjustment.
This indicates that as the students level of challenge either increased
depending on the way they looked at challenge, their overall adjustment
was better, their social adjustment was better, and their personal/emotional
adjustment was better.