Traces the history and philosophy of criminal justice, considers constitutional limitations, studies the roles of various agencies, reviews the process of justice, and evaluates modern criminal justice.
Meets Social Scientific Awareness Learning Outcome (SOC)
This course compares and contrasts the major models of justice: punitive, compensatory, restorative, educative and therapeutic using cross national data related to the major criminal justice functions of policing, criminal processing and corrections as the basis for analysis.
This course traces the history of criminological thought, and investigates the philosophical, biological, psychological and sociological explanations of crime. Special attention is given to theory construction, the evaluation of theory, and the policy and methodological implications of different types of theories.
This course provides students with a solid foundation of criminal investigations techniques with special attention paid to: crime scene searches, witness interviews, suspect interrogations, and surveillance methods. The course will address how evidence is prepared for court and presented in court, including how this process may differ based on the particular criminal offense. The course will address various types of evidence, sources of information, crime scene reconstruction, eye witness identification, and specialized investigations.
This course provides students with a solid foundation of criminal investigations techniques with special attention paid to: crime scene searches relating to robberies, assaults, missing persons, arsons, and terrorism, staged crime scenes, and digital forensic investigations. The course will address how evidence is prepared for court and presented in court, including how this process may differ based on the particular criminal offense. The course will address various types of evidence, sources of information, crime scene reconstruction, eye witness identification, and specialized investigations for the above mentioned criminal offenses.
This course involves the application of statistical techniques to social science data as typically illustrated in the research and writing of Criminal Justice professionals. As a course for majors, it represents an important part of the student's methodological training with respect to the statistical analysis of data typically used by social scientists. Students are expected to carry out a number of exercises involving the statistical analysis of data and to interpret the results. The course covers widely used statistical techniques including descriptive and inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, cross tabulation, correlation, and linear regression.
An introduction to the issues of problem formulation, research ethics, research designs, data-gathering strategies and statistics and data analysis. The course will attempt to familiarize the student with research methods through the use of criminal justice studies.
An overview of the philosophical and theoretical assumptions behind various approaches to punishment. The course will also examine the historical development and content of various correctional programs.
An examination of the law of search and seizure, including a thorough study of basic concepts in the law of search and seizure, search incident to arrest, search warrants, consent searches, emergency searches, administrative searches, procedural requirements, exclusionary evidence rule, state statutory provisions relating to search and seizure.
The ubiquity of Internet connected digital devices in the 21st century has led to an increase in computer related crimes. This course traces the history, definitions and typologies of computer network and cybercrime, focusing on the offender and victims and how the criminal justice system is investigating, prosecuting, and preventing various cybercrimes. This course introduces students to the many different types of cybercrime and how it affects its victims, be it an individual, an institution or the society. Special focus will be paid to network connected digital devices and how to recognize and protect from being a victim of network-related crimes through "hands on" activities.
Meets Social Scientific Awareness Learning Outcome (SOC)
This course examines cyber criminology from a law and policy perspective, including its impact on Fourth Amendment jurisprudence and the changing conceptions of privacy and identity. Topics will focus on the effects of cyber criminology on how criminal laws are conceptualized, enforced, and prosecuted.
An examination of institutional corrections and correctional programs in the community that specifically utilize such assets of the community as family support, employment and training opportunities, social services, and opportunities for victim compensation. Special attention will be directed to the merger of punitive, rehabilitative and reintegrative elements within the community corrections model. Among the community corrections programs to be examined will be halfway houses, community service, house arrest, work release, and victim/offender reconciliation."
An examination of the origin, nature and scope of socially disapproved behavior. Special attention will be directed to mechanisms of social control utilized by different societies to limit deviant behavior. Among the substantive areas to be covered will be mental illness, addiction, violence, suicide and corporate and organizational deviances. In addition the course will compare and contrast images of deviance and social control historically and cross culturally.
An examination of both occupational and organizational criminality. Special attention will be directed to the unique nature of white collar criminality in light of our traditional understanding of crime. The course will explore such issues as the evolution of regulatory law, corporate responsibility, and the limits of law and law enforcement in combating white collar crime.
An examination of the police image in a changing society, including police-citizen partnership in crime prevention. Issues in policing, including use of deadly force, stress, education, and corruption together with administrative issues, including recruitment, promotion, and management are considered.
This course examines the nature and functions of law in maintaining social order, resolving conflict and regulating behavior. Special attention is directed to the comparison of the substantive and procedural elements of law.
An examination of the American legal system, including the dynamics of the judicial process and the organizational hierarchy of the courts, with a focus on current controversies concerning the criminal court process. Special attention will be given to the roles of key personnel within a courtroom including the role of judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys.
The function of probation and parole in the administration of Criminal Justice, including the law and theory of probation and parole, conditions under which they are granted, an evaluation of their efficacy, possible alternative dispositions.
This course analyzes the criminal justice processes that result in the conviction of an innocent person. Two key issues are addressed: 1) "why" wrongful convictions occur, and 2) "how" are wrongful convictions possible given the Constitutional safeguards available in the United States. The issue of "why" wrongful convictions occur centers on the actions of individual agents of the criminal justice system: police, forensic experts, prosecutors and members of the judiciary that result in wrongful conviction. The issue of "how" wrongful convictions occur focuses on the structure and processes of the criminal justice system that lead to wrongful conviction. Reforms in the administration of justice intended to reduce the likelihood of wrongful convictions are explored.
An appraisal of the principles of organization and management which may be applied to criminal justice agencies, including command and control, operational and administrative planning, allocation of resources, and program budgeting. Emphasis is directed toward executive development.
An academic understanding of crisis situations and crisis behavior, as well as practical orientation to the techniques and skills necessary for effective intervention. Special attention will be given to specific crisis situations such as family violence, rape, and suicide.
This course focuses on how the law affects families. Cultural characteristics of marriage and the family have changed, impacting case law, and vice versa. This course analyzes the family and family law through a sociological lens, examining the historical and theoretical definitions of family and gender, the evolution of legal rights through the birth of privacy as it relates to family, marriage and alternatives, such as divorce, the parent-child relationship, and the impact on family in a socio-legal context.
An examination of the role and characteristics of victims of crime and social injustice. Analysis will include shared victim attributes, determinants of vulnerability and risk, the victim-offender relationship, and the psychological impact of victimization. Attention will also be given to societal reaction to victims, the treatment of victims in the justice system, and the relationship between criminal victimization, human rights violations, principles of social justice and contemporary developments in policy and services to address the rights and needs of victims.
An analysis of sex-linked differences in aggression provides the conceptual basis for examination of the nature and extent of female crime through history to the present day, focusing on the most common forms of criminal expression. Emphasis is placed on traditional and contemporary theories of causality, the legal status of women, the processing of women through the criminal justice system and the impact of rising female criminality upon fundamental institutional structures and social organization.
This course is a detailed examination, in a seminar format, of a topic of current interest or concern in criminal justice or criminology. The department will choose and announce the topic(s) prior to course registration.
The course is designed as a capstone experience for all criminal justice students that integrates the major criminological theories with the dominant research methods utilized in the study of crime. The objective of the course is to provide the student the opportunity to address a fundamental question concerning crime causation and/or society's response to crime. This semester long research project is carried out under the direction of a faculty member. A significant amount of work for the course is done outside the classroom in one on one meetings with the faculty member. Each student chooses their own topic at the outset of the semester. Student topics are drawn from both criminology and criminal justice.