Main Content

Theology Subject Guide

Reference Resources

Guides & Overviews

Religion and American Life:  Resources
     Ref BL2525 .R47

Theological and Religious Reference Materials (3 vols.)
Volume 2 focuses on systematic/doctrinal theology and ethics, with no particular denominational focus. Although dated, it's still valuable for standard resources.
     Ref BS511.2 .G67

Critical Guide to Catholic Reference Books
     Ref BX1751.2.M33

The Roots of the Catholic Tradition
     General Collection BT90.R3

Understanding Catholicism
     General Collection BX1751.2 .H45

Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity
     General Collection BX1752 .O23

Understanding Catholicism
     General Collection BX1751.2.M27

Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

General Theology

BibleWorks   (In Library Only)
BibleWorks is an electronic Bible concordance that provides tools for exegesis and morphological research. It includes texts of the Hebrew Old Testament, Greek Old and New Testaments, and a wide range of English and modern foreign language translations. It also contains Bible dictionaries and other research aids. This database is located on Library PC67; please ask the Reference Desk for assistance.

Encyclopedia of Science and Religion
This encyclopedia explores a variety of scientific, philosophical, and theological issues from the perspectives of major religious traditions and the scientific community. Entries are available on topics like chaos theory, free will, natural selection, and stem cell research.

Encyclopedia of Religion
This online version of a seminal 15-volume reference work includes over 3,000 lengthy articles about religious and theological topics. The encyclopedia encompasses theoretical, practical, and sociological perspectives on religion, including cross-cultural looks at different religious traditions. This second edition includes 600 new articles plus updates to many of the original entries.
     Ref BL31 .E46 (print version, 15 vols.)

The New Dictionary of Theology
Catholic emphasis; includes Christian themes.
     Ref BR95.N3

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Entries on figures, movements, events, themes, and terms.
     Ref BR95 .O8

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
     Ref BR95 .O82

The Westminster Dictionary of Christian Theology
Protestant emphasis.
     Ref BR95.W494

Dictionary of Fundamental Theology
Translated from original Italian (1990). Has lengthy articles on themes, terms, and figures, with an Analytic Index.
     General Collection BT1102 .D5813

The HarperCollins Encyclopedia of Catholicism
Includes theological terms and issues, figures, movements, events, and longer articles on major theological themes.
     Ref BX841 .H37

New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed.
All subjects in Catholic tradition, including theology
     Ref REF BX841 .N44 (print version, 15 vols.)

The Modern Catholic Encyclopedia
     Ref BX841 .M63 (1994 and 2004 editions)

Dictionnaire de Théologie Catholique: Contenant l'Exposé des Doctrines de la Théologie Catholique... (15 vols.)
     Lower Level Ref BX841 .D68 (1909–1950)

Dictionnaire de Théologie Catholique: ...Tables Générales (3 vols.)
Provides an index to the full Dictionnaire and brief, more recent material on the topics indexed.
     Lower Level REF BX841 .D6822 (1951–1972)

Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology (6 vols.)
Catholic perspective; articles are several pages in length.
     Ref BX841.S3 R3

Encyclopedia of Theology: The Concise Sacramentum Mundi
An abridgement of Sacramentum Mundi (above), it contains some newer articles not in that work. Catholic perspective.
     Ref BX841.S3 E5

Handbook of Catholic Theology
     General Collection BX1745.5 .L4913 1995

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
More than 2,000 articles from the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy are now available online, making this an excellent source of background information for research in philosophy and related fields. The editors periodically add new entries written by leading scholars and also provide links to other sites and resources on the web, as well as updates of key entries.

Moral Theology

The New Dictionary of Catholic Social Thought
Themes, figures, and movements in Catholic social thought.
     Ref BX1753 .N497

The Westminster Dictionary of Christian Ethics
Includes biblical, theological, and philosophical traditions in ethics (e.g., Kantian ethics), and ethical issues (e.g., abortion, just war tradition).
     Ref BJ1199 .W47

Spiritual Theology

The New Dictionary of Catholic Spirituality
Long articles with topical index and index of names.
     Ref BX2350.65 .N49

Dictionnaire de Spiritualité Ascétique et Mystique: Doctrine et Histoire (17 vols.)
     Ref BX841 .D67

Christian Spirituality in the Catholic Tradition
     General Collection BX2350.65.A96

Rule of St. Benedict Library
Presents the Rule in Latin and English, together with the full text of many of its key sources, and commentaries by Terrence Kardong and Esther de Waal.
Available in the library only.

Past Masters: Humanities Database   (In Library Only)
This CD-ROM of the complete works of Saint Anselm (in Latin) and Saint Augustine (in Latin and English) can be searched using keywords; user guides are available at the Reference Desk. This database is located on Library PC 70 and on the Anselm Room PC.

U.S. Catholic Church

American Christianity: An Historical Interpretation with Representative Documents (2 vols.)
     Ref BR514 .S55

Dictionary of Christianity in America
     Ref BR515.D53

Church and State in America: A Bibliographical Guide
     Ref BR516.C58

The Catholic Fact Book
     Ref BX842 .D44

Dictionary of American Catholic Biography
     Ref BX4670.D45

Dictionary of the American Hierarchy
     Ref BX4670 .C6

The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History
     Ref BX1406.2 .E53

Encyclopedia of American Religious History (2 vols.)
     Ref BL2525 .Q44

Encyclopedia of the Catholic Bishops in America: 1789-1989 (vols. 1–2)
     Ref BX4670 .E52

The New Dictionary of Catholic Social Thought
     Ref BX1753 .N497

World Religions

Atlas of the Jewish World
     Ref DS117 .D4

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives
     Ref DS334.9.C36

The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam
     Ref BP40.G42

Cultural Atlas of Islam
     Ref DS36.85 .A39

A Dictionary of Comparative Religion
     Ref BL31 .D54

A Dictionary of Non-Christian Religions
     Ref BL31 .P36

Dictionary of Pagan Religions
     Ref BL31 .W4

Encyclopedia of Buddhism
     From Gale Virtual Reference Library

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World
     From Gale Virtual Reference Library

Encyclopaedia Judaica
     From Gale Virtual Reference Library

Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics (13 vols.)
     Ref BR95 .H5

The Encyclopedia of American Religions, Religious Creeds: A Compilation of more than 450 Creeds, Confessions, Statements of Faith, and Summaries of Doctrine of Religious and Spiritual Groups in the United States and Canada
     Ref BT990.E58

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Civilizations
     Ref CB311 .E53

The Encyclopedia of Judaism
     Ref BM50.E63

Encyclopedia of Sacred Places
     Ref BL580 .B76

Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience: Studies of Traditions and Movements (3 vols.)
     Ref BL2525.E53

Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion (2 vols.)
     Ref BL458 .E53

From Primitives to Zen:  A Thematic Sourcebook of the History of Religions (4 vols.)
     Ref BL74 .E42

A Handbook of Living Religions
     Ref BL80.2.H35

Historical Atlas of the Religions of the World (1974)
     Ref BL80.2 .F28

The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions
     Ref BL31 .O84

World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Study of Churches and Religions in the Modern World, AD 1900–2000
     Ref BR157 .W67

Zen Dictionary
     Ref BQ9259 .W66


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Find Journal Articles


CrossSearch  Theology

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Search the following indexes to locate citations to and/or full-text of journal articles. If the article does not appear to be full-text online, search for its availability using the Journal Finder. Journals listed as "in Geisel Library Paper Holdings" are shelved alphabetically by journal title on the Lower Level of the library. Many others are available in full text online by following the links provided.

Catholic Periodical & Literature Index
Search this index for citations from Catholic periodicals, books, newspapers, and papal documents dealing expressly with the practice of Catholic faith and lifestyle. CPLI is co-produced by the American Theological Library Association and the Catholic Library Association. (1981–present)

Old Testament Abstracts
Thousands of article and book abstracts and citations related to Old Testament scholarship are available in this database, a product from ATLA and the Weston Jesuit School of Theology. Topics include antiquities, archaeology, biblical theology, and philology. Some linked full-text articles are available. The alphabetical list of scriptural citations included in this database allows you to narrow your search to articles pertaining to specific sections of the Old Testament. (1978–present)

New Testament Abstracts
Thousands of article and book abstracts and citations related to New Testament scholarship are available in this database, a product from ATLA and the Weston Jesuit School of Theology. Some linked full-text articles are available. Try searching the Scriptures database, which allows you to narrow your search to writing pertaining to specific sections of the New Testament. (1985–present)

Project MUSE
This database offers all full-text articles from over 300 peer-reviewed journals; subjects include humanities, arts, medicine, mathematics, social sciences, and more. (See Journal List for dates of coverage.)

ATLA Religion Database
This database is an essential resource for research in theology and humanities, and covers all religious traditions, though the strongest coverage is for materials dealing with the Judeo-Christian tradition. It provides citations and some full-text articles on topics such as biblical studies, world religions, church history, and religion in social issues. (1949–present)

Religious and Theological Abstracts
Search here for citations and summaries of articles appearing in scholarly religion and theology journals from around the world-Christian, Jewish, and other world religions are covered. Abstracts have been classified as Biblical, Theological, Historical, and Practical. (1958–present)

ProQuest Religion
A collection of online journals related to religious and theological studies, including titles published by religious organizations.

International Medieval Bibliography   (On Campus Only)
This searchable online version of the IMB provides comprehensive indexing of scholarly journals and conference proceedings in the interdisciplinary field of medieval studies. Bibliographic records are available for 4,500 periodicals, with quarterly updates ensuring access to the latest articles.
To open the database, click on the "Enter Databases" button and then on the link for International Medieval Bibliography.

Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance
This bibliography pertaining to the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400–1700) also offers full-text articles of Renaissance Quarterly (2000-present), Early Theatre (1998–present), and Renaissance and Reformation (2000–present). There are citations for journal articles (1842–present), reviews, bibliographies, abstracts, and more. (1784–present)   User Guide

Rule of St. Benedict Library   (In Library Only)
Presents the Rule in Latin and English, together with the full text of many of its key sources, and commentaries by Terrence Kardong and Esther de Waal.

Past Masters: Humanities Database   (In Library Only)
This CD-ROM of the complete works of Saint Anselm (in Latin) and Saint Augustine (in Latin and English) can be searched using keywords; user guides are available at the Reference Desk. This database is located on Library PC 70 and on the Anselm Room PC.

Search here for full-text articles from major journals in the humanities and social sciences, including Annual Review of Sociology, Nineteenth-Century Literature, Philosophical Quarterly, and the Quarterly Journal of Economics. Coverage is generally from the beginning of publication to within 5 years of the current issue. Geisel Library subscribes to five JSTOR collections. Here are their journal title lists:  Arts & Sciences I     Arts & Sciences II     Arts & Sciences III     Arts & Sciences VII     Biological Sciences   (User Guide)

Academic Search Premier
This is the world's largest scholarly source of full-text articles. Search here for citations and abstracts for a range of academic areas, including theology.

APh: L'Annee Philologique
This comprehensive index in classical studies indexes articles in hundreds of scholarly journals, books, dissertations, and conference proceedings and provides brief abstracts. Articles written in many European languages are indexed, but the interface language of the database is English. (1959–present) Earlier volumes are available in paper and are located in the General Collection PA29 .A5     User Guide    Journal List (English-language titles only) (PDF/76KB)

Canon Law Abstracts
Paper index, located in the Reference Department.


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Find Books

Search the library catalog to locate books in Geisel Library. Search by keyword (e.g., ethics) if you are unsure of the title you are looking for. Theology books are located primarily on the Main Level of the library in the following call number areas:  BR (Christianity), BS (The Bible), BT (Doctrinal Theology) and BV (Practical Theology).

Search WorldCat to search the collections of libraries worldwide. Find a book in this database, and, if not owned by SAC, you can request it from Interlibrary Loan with one click on "Request ILL." Your book(s) will be available for pickup in the library within about 7–14 days. Ask for help in using this database at the reference desk, in person, or online at Ask a Librarian.

Ebrary is an online library containing thousands of e-books spanning across all scholarly disciplines. Books can either be opened in QuickView for instant viewing or in the ebrary Reader (a downloadable plug-in), which provides enhanced functionality such as the ability to copy/paste, highlight, or take notes in a particular book.


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Selected Websites

Searching the Internet can yield a vast amount of information, but in terms of quality and reliability, your results may be uneven at best. The ease and speed with which individuals can publish information on the web, regardless of accuracy or quality, makes it imperative that you know how to evaluate the information you find. To learn more, see our guide on Evaluating Websites.


Bible Gateway

BSW Research Center
Megasite for all areas of bible study

New American Bible
From the National Conference of Catholic Bishops


Academic Jewish Studies Internet Directory

Fides Quaerens Internet:  The Christian Theology Page
Prepared by Bryan Stone at Boston University and offering links to websites within various Christian traditions such as Anglican and Lutheran, etc.

Religion, Religions, Religious Studies
"Offers resources on world religions, alternative and new religions, religious experience and mysticism, modernity and religion, and the academic study of religion" from the University of Florida.

Virtual Religion Index
A portal for locating religious studies resources, the index covers the historical, philosophical, theological, psychological, sociological, and artistic aspects of international religious traditions. Rated as the best academic site for religious studies.

Voice of the Shuttle:  Religious Studies Page
Links to authoritative websites and organized by sections such as Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Islamic and Jewish.

Yahoo:  Society & Culture:  Religion & Spirituality
Yahoo's easy-to-use search engine allows keyword searching of diverse religious topics ranging from popular to scholarly in nature.

Data Sets

American Religion Data Archive (ARDA)
Provides quantitative data for the study of American religion.

More than 4,700 scholarly articles and chapters on all aspects of religion

Catholic Links — A Selected Reference List

Anselm of Canterbury:  Books and Journal articles prepared by the Geisel Library
A bibliography of works by and about Saint Anselm and housed in the Geisel Library at Saint Anselm College.

Catechism of the Catholic Church
Includes the 1997 corrections promulgated by Pope John Paul II.

New Catholic Encyclopedia 2nd Edition
This resource is "prized for its scholarly presentation of persons and subjects related to Catholicism and the humanities."
Successor site to the Catholic Information Center on the Internet (CICI) and contains the latest world-wide Catholic news.

Papal Encyclicals Online
Full-text encyclicals from 1216 to the present.

Rule of Saint Benedict

Vatican: the Holy See
The official Vatican website.


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Citing Sources

See the library's Citing Sources guide for resources on how to properly cite research materials. Always confirm the style required by your instructor.


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