Participants were recruited from undergraduate psychology
majors that attend a small libral arts college in the northeast.
A total of 14 people participated in this study. Thirteen Partiipsnts
were White and one participants was African-American.
The Reading History Questinnaire, that was used in this study, was
developed, by myself, to evealuate wether any of the participants or their
siblinds had a history of a reading disorder. The questionnaire examined
possible deficits in reading, attention, and learning for both the subject
and their siblings.
The Motion Illusion task used was develop by Steinman in 1995 to
evaluate motion detection in eye movement. For the purposes of this
study, the task was run from the University Of Missisippi experiment page
(see link at bottom of page). The task has three different conditions;
left motion cue (when the cue appears from the left), right motion cue
(when cue appears from the right), and no motion (when the cue appears
simutaneously). The point od subjective simultaneity (PPS) score
was obtained from this task and compaire to the reading rate and comprehension
score from the Nelson-Denny Reading Test.
The Nelson-Denny Reading Test (NDRT) was developed by Brown, Fishco,
and Hanna (1993) to test for specific reading disorders. The NDRT
is composed of two subtests: a vocabulary test and comprehension test.
For the purposes of this study only the comprehension test was used.
From the comprehension test the reading rate and comprehension score was
calculated. The reading rate score was calculated by having the participant
record what line they were on, in the first reading passage,
at the end of one minute. Comprehension score was calculated by dividing
the number of correct answers with the number of total answers.
Participants were each tested individually in a small, computer lab.
First, each participant filled out the Reading History Questionnaire.
Then, each participant completed the Motion Illusion Task on the University
of Missisippi psychology experiments page (see link at the bottom of the
page). After coompleting the Motion Illusion task, participants completed
the NDRT (see link at the bottom of the page).