1997 - Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison
1992 - M.A., University of Wisconsin, Madison
1990 - B.A., Rutgers University

My research initially investigated the fiscal negotiations between the Castilian Crown and the Assembly of the Clergy in the early modern period. I was particularly interested in the tensions between these two institutions and their impact on state-building in the early modern period. My research suggested that representative institutions retained considerably more autonomy and control over financial matters than previously thought. This finding illuminates a relatively neglected aspect of Spanish historiography and adds new information to our understanding of the state-building process as discussed in English-language historiography.

I am a participant in two spatial history research projects. The first project examined royal finances and tax collection in the early 1500s.  We sought to analyze quantitatively and spatially the growth of ecclesiastical and secular taxes in Castile and how those taxes were collected. I did research on the payment of ecclesiastical contributions. The second project is building a virtual city to help students to learn about the past in an interactive format and to facilitate the study of intercultural relations between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the city of Plasencia, Spain, over nearly two hundred years. Learn more about the project.

I also have an ongoing Atlantic history project on the Spanish consular service in the Early American Republic.  I am interested in the role of the consuls as agents for transatlantic integration, and how Spanish consuls in the United Sates responded to the rapidly changing political and commercial configuration of the Atlantic world.